Medina Marrakech was founded in 1071 by Youssef Ibn Tachfine, head of the Berber empire Almoravids. In the past, Morocco was known Orientsous the name of Marrakech (name still current in Iran); the name Morocco itself comes from the deformation of the Portuguese pronunciation of Marrakech
Marrakech has 928,850 inhabitants, according to the census of 2014, spread over an area of 230 km2. The population density reaches 350 inhabitants per hectare in the Medina. This is Morocco's fourth largest city after Casablanca, Fez and Tangiers. The city is divided into two distinct parts: the medina or historical city (ten kilometers speaker) and the new city whose principal districts are called Guéliz and Hivernage, Askar Douar Sidi Youssef Ben Ali, M'hamid Daoudiat. Guéliz is now the commercial city center. It was founded by the French during the Protectorate. The Hivernage concentrates many hotel complexes.
Madina is the hub and the historical heart of the city of Marrakech. Spanning a total area of 600 hectares, it is one of the largest medinas of Morocco and most populated of North Africa. Its refinement and urban specificity direct result of the virginity of the total land on which it was built in the eleventh century. Built around a military camp, the Qasr El Hajar, and a market, it was increased by a kasbah in the twelfth century to protect the repeated assaults of the Berber tribes of the plain of Haouz, thus contributing to sustainable sit Almoravid hegemony.
these traditional Moroccan houses built around a central courtyard has generated profound sociological transformations in the medina of Marrakech, where the price per square meter has skyrocketed. Thus, a significant and growing number of smaller households marrakchis is seen driven by speculation in "exile" outside the walls. On the other hand, in the medina there is a habitat densification phenomenon.
in the south east of the Medina, was and still remains a lesser extent the Jewish quarter of Marrakech. Far from being a ghetto, the mellah brought together some trades that over and when the history of Marrakech, became specialties of this community (the weaver was an example of this phenomenon). It was founded in 1558 under the reign of Moulay Abdellah near the palace which allowed, as was the case in Fez, for example, the Sultan to better protect them.
adjacent to the south of the royal palace were created in 1156 as soon as the official historian of the Almohad dynasty by El Haj Ya'is, the very one who was originally from the prestigious Koutoubia. The Aguedal term meaning also "garden" in general by the Berbers, the description of Gardens Aguedal not emerged as exclusive designation as the late eighteenth century. Its existence, undermined by time is intimately linked to the astute management of water resources made herein. Thus the abstraction of water from groundwater was from the late eleventh century ensured by a dense network of "khettaras", assisted later by a more elaborate overpasses system from Aghmat, a town further south towards the Ourika Valley.
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The dyers' souk is a must visit the souks of Marrakech. Popular with tourists and photographers eager for pictures colorful as hell. So, it becomes difficult to "get" the original shot.
Medina of Marrakech is the hub and the historical heart of the city of Marrakech. Spanning a total area of 600 hectares, it is one of the largest medinas of Morocco and most populated of North Africa. Its refinement and urban specificity direct result of the virginity of the total land on which it was built in the xi th century.
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